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Orla Copacabana Hotel, Rio De Janeiro
Orla Copacabana Hotel is on Copacabana Beach in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A splendid 4 star Rio de Janeiro hotel near the chic shops, electric restaurants and buzzing nightlife of Ipanema. ...
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Coast Long Beach Hotel, Los Angeles
Coast Long Beach Hotel is next to the Queen Mary and Carnival Cruise Line terminal in Long Beach, Los Angeles, California, USA. A superb 4 star Los Angeles hotel a stroll away from downtown Long Beach, Aquarium of the Pacific and the historic Queen Mary. ...
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Iguacu Golf Resort Hotel, Foz Do Iguacu
Iguacu Golf Resort Hotel in Foz do Iguacu, Parana, Brazil is 10 kilometres from the wonderful Iguazu Cataracts. An amazing 4 star Foz do Iguacu hotel 8 kilometres from the centre of Foz do Iguacu, Convention centre, shopping and dining. ...
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You are in:  Top  →  Europe  →  GREECE  →  Crete  →  LASITHI  →  Spinalonga

Spinalonga

The small island at the entrance of Elounda bay is best known as Spinalonga although it has been renamed Kalydon by decree.
Spinalonga

View an interactive map of Crete.

The etymology of Spinalonga is interesting. It is Italian and means long thorn (Spina-longa). The reason the Venetians called it so, however, is not because it resembles a long thorn but because they adapted to their own language a Greek composite word "Stinelounda" meaning "to Elounda" (sten-Elounda). Thus, the name of the island is of linguistic interest.

The fortress of Spinalonga is one of the strongest on the whole island of Crete. The Venetians built it while they occupied the island and was considered impregnable.

Throughout the 17th century the fortress remained in Venetian hands and was a refuge for Christians fleeing from the Turks. In 1715, however, a Turkish Pasha managed to conquer the castle; after a long siege the Venetians capitulated and a treaty was signed.

After that, Turkish families who were afraid of the Christians inhabited the castle. After the Turks were driven out of Crete in 1903, the fortress was turned into a leper colony.

Nowadays the island is the main tourist attraction of the area. Several daily boat trips from Agios Nikolaos visit the island.



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