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Crowne Plaza Resort Hotel, Anaheim
Anaheim Crowne Plaza Resort Hotel is a 4 star Anaheim hotel just minutes from Disneyland Park in Anaheim, California, USA. Other nearby attractions include Disney's California Adventure Park, Downtown Disney District, and the Anaheim Convention Centre. ...
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Ibiza Copacabana Hotel, Rio De Janeiro
Ibiza Copacabana Hotel in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is in the tourist area of Copacabana. A 3 star Rio de Janeiro hotel ideal for visiting all Rio de Janeiro has to offer with public transportation a few meters distant from the hotel. ...
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Apartments Alpinus
This luxurious Aparthotel is situated in Albufeira, directly in the tourist centre of the town and within a few minutes walk of the town centre. The fine sandy beach of Falesia is near to the hotel. The International airport is 40km away....
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You are in:  Top  →  Europe  →  GREECE  →  Crete  →  LASITHI  →  Spinalonga

Spinalonga

The small island at the entrance of Elounda bay is best known as Spinalonga although it has been renamed Kalydon by decree.
Spinalonga

View an interactive map of Crete.

The etymology of Spinalonga is interesting. It is Italian and means long thorn (Spina-longa). The reason the Venetians called it so, however, is not because it resembles a long thorn but because they adapted to their own language a Greek composite word "Stinelounda" meaning "to Elounda" (sten-Elounda). Thus, the name of the island is of linguistic interest.

The fortress of Spinalonga is one of the strongest on the whole island of Crete. The Venetians built it while they occupied the island and was considered impregnable.

Throughout the 17th century the fortress remained in Venetian hands and was a refuge for Christians fleeing from the Turks. In 1715, however, a Turkish Pasha managed to conquer the castle; after a long siege the Venetians capitulated and a treaty was signed.

After that, Turkish families who were afraid of the Christians inhabited the castle. After the Turks were driven out of Crete in 1903, the fortress was turned into a leper colony.

Nowadays the island is the main tourist attraction of the area. Several daily boat trips from Agios Nikolaos visit the island.



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