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The Peninsula
Created in the roaring 1920’s Peninsula Hong Kong Hotel is in the heart of Kowloon, Hong Kong in Tsim Sha Tsui overlooking Victoria Harbour and just off Nathan Road one of Hong Kong's busiest shopping streets, selling every imaginable product from clothing to electronic goods. ...
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Mercure Luxor
Mercure Luxor Hotel overlooks the Nile River and is in the centre of Luxor, Egypt with its restaurants, cafes and bazaars. A 4 star Luxor hotel ideal for visiting the fabulous historical monuments of Luxor and Karnak. ...
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Corais e Conchas Hotel, Buzios
Corais e Conchas Hotel is a 3 star Buzios hotel by Geriba Beach in Buzios, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The popular night life, restaurants and beautiful beaches of downtown Buzios are only a short drive away. ...
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You are in:  Top  →  Europe  →  GREECE  →  Crete  →  LASITHI  →  Spinalonga

Spinalonga

The small island at the entrance of Elounda bay is best known as Spinalonga although it has been renamed Kalydon by decree.
Spinalonga

View an interactive map of Crete.

The etymology of Spinalonga is interesting. It is Italian and means long thorn (Spina-longa). The reason the Venetians called it so, however, is not because it resembles a long thorn but because they adapted to their own language a Greek composite word "Stinelounda" meaning "to Elounda" (sten-Elounda). Thus, the name of the island is of linguistic interest.

The fortress of Spinalonga is one of the strongest on the whole island of Crete. The Venetians built it while they occupied the island and was considered impregnable.

Throughout the 17th century the fortress remained in Venetian hands and was a refuge for Christians fleeing from the Turks. In 1715, however, a Turkish Pasha managed to conquer the castle; after a long siege the Venetians capitulated and a treaty was signed.

After that, Turkish families who were afraid of the Christians inhabited the castle. After the Turks were driven out of Crete in 1903, the fortress was turned into a leper colony.

Nowadays the island is the main tourist attraction of the area. Several daily boat trips from Agios Nikolaos visit the island.



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