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Claridge Hotel, Miami
Claridge Hotel, Miami, Florida, USA is a 3 star Miami hotel just across the street from the glorious Miami Beach coastline. Nearby is Miami Beach Convention Centre, downtown, Brickell Avenue financial district and the Port of Miami. ...
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Bentley Hotel, New York
Bentley Hotel is on the fashionable Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York, USA. A stunning 4 star New York hotel with a contemporary mix of art nouveau and deco styles within walking distance of Madison Avenue shopping, the Museum Mile, and the Theatre district. ...
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Conrad New York Hotel
Conrad New York Hotel is directly across the street from The World Financial Centre in New York, USA. A 4 star New York hotel that affords a fabulous skyline and river views, as well as accessibility to the Nelson Rockefeller Park and Esplanade. ...
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You are in:  Top  →  Europe  →  GREECE  →  Crete  →  LASITHI  →  Spinalonga

Spinalonga

The small island at the entrance of Elounda bay is best known as Spinalonga although it has been renamed Kalydon by decree.
Spinalonga

View an interactive map of Crete.

The etymology of Spinalonga is interesting. It is Italian and means long thorn (Spina-longa). The reason the Venetians called it so, however, is not because it resembles a long thorn but because they adapted to their own language a Greek composite word "Stinelounda" meaning "to Elounda" (sten-Elounda). Thus, the name of the island is of linguistic interest.

The fortress of Spinalonga is one of the strongest on the whole island of Crete. The Venetians built it while they occupied the island and was considered impregnable.

Throughout the 17th century the fortress remained in Venetian hands and was a refuge for Christians fleeing from the Turks. In 1715, however, a Turkish Pasha managed to conquer the castle; after a long siege the Venetians capitulated and a treaty was signed.

After that, Turkish families who were afraid of the Christians inhabited the castle. After the Turks were driven out of Crete in 1903, the fortress was turned into a leper colony.

Nowadays the island is the main tourist attraction of the area. Several daily boat trips from Agios Nikolaos visit the island.



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