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Pullman Charles de Gaulle Airport Hotel
Pullman Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport Hotel is a first class Paris hotel in the central zone of Roissy International Airport, Paris, France. Also near Villepinte trade fair grounds and Paris North industrial Park. ...
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Recife Park Hotel
Recife Park Hotel is only 50 meters from the Boas Viagem beach in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. A 3 star Recife hotel ideally positioned near the financial centre, the main shopping centres, Recife Antigo (Old Recife) and other tourist points. ...
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Apartments Janelas Do Mar
Set on a quiet hillside on the outskirts of Montchoro, this complex is ideal for families and couples alike. Lively Albufeira is a short drive away and is easily reached by frequent courtesy bus. Faro International airport is approximately 30km from the hotel....
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You are in:  Top  →  Europe  →  GREECE  →  Crete  →  LASITHI  →  Spinalonga

Spinalonga

The small island at the entrance of Elounda bay is best known as Spinalonga although it has been renamed Kalydon by decree.
Spinalonga

View an interactive map of Crete.

The etymology of Spinalonga is interesting. It is Italian and means long thorn (Spina-longa). The reason the Venetians called it so, however, is not because it resembles a long thorn but because they adapted to their own language a Greek composite word "Stinelounda" meaning "to Elounda" (sten-Elounda). Thus, the name of the island is of linguistic interest.

The fortress of Spinalonga is one of the strongest on the whole island of Crete. The Venetians built it while they occupied the island and was considered impregnable.

Throughout the 17th century the fortress remained in Venetian hands and was a refuge for Christians fleeing from the Turks. In 1715, however, a Turkish Pasha managed to conquer the castle; after a long siege the Venetians capitulated and a treaty was signed.

After that, Turkish families who were afraid of the Christians inhabited the castle. After the Turks were driven out of Crete in 1903, the fortress was turned into a leper colony.

Nowadays the island is the main tourist attraction of the area. Several daily boat trips from Agios Nikolaos visit the island.



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