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Da Marquesa Pousada, Parati
Pousada da Marquesa Hotel is in the centre of the historical town of Parati, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An exceptional 3 star Parati pousada near shopping, restaurants and tourist attractions, 2 blocks from the beach and about 2 hours drive from Rio de Janeiro. ...
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Habtoor Grand Resort & Spa Hotel, Dubai
Habtoor Grand Resort & Spa Hotel is ideal for both leisure and business visitors to Dubai, UA Emirates occupying an idyllic location right on Jumeirah Beach. A 5 star Dubai hotel close to the commercial hubs of Jebel Ali, Internet City and Media City. ...
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Pullman Charles de Gaulle Airport Hotel
Pullman Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport Hotel is a first class Paris hotel in the central zone of Roissy International Airport, Paris, France. Also near Villepinte trade fair grounds and Paris North industrial Park. ...
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You are in:  Top  →  Europe  →  GREECE  →  Crete  →  LASITHI  →  Spinalonga

Spinalonga

The small island at the entrance of Elounda bay is best known as Spinalonga although it has been renamed Kalydon by decree.
Spinalonga

View an interactive map of Crete.

The etymology of Spinalonga is interesting. It is Italian and means long thorn (Spina-longa). The reason the Venetians called it so, however, is not because it resembles a long thorn but because they adapted to their own language a Greek composite word "Stinelounda" meaning "to Elounda" (sten-Elounda). Thus, the name of the island is of linguistic interest.

The fortress of Spinalonga is one of the strongest on the whole island of Crete. The Venetians built it while they occupied the island and was considered impregnable.

Throughout the 17th century the fortress remained in Venetian hands and was a refuge for Christians fleeing from the Turks. In 1715, however, a Turkish Pasha managed to conquer the castle; after a long siege the Venetians capitulated and a treaty was signed.

After that, Turkish families who were afraid of the Christians inhabited the castle. After the Turks were driven out of Crete in 1903, the fortress was turned into a leper colony.

Nowadays the island is the main tourist attraction of the area. Several daily boat trips from Agios Nikolaos visit the island.



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