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Champs Elysees Friedland Hotel, Paris
Champs Elysees Friedland Hotel in the 8th arrondissement, Paris, France is a first class Paris hotel nearby the Charles de Gaulle Etoile underground station. Famous sites close by include the Champs Elysees, Eiffel Tower and Concorde Square. ...
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Sol Y Mar Makadi Sun
Sol Y Mar Makadi Sun Hotel is in the resort of Madinat Makadi Bay along the Red Sea within walking distance from Souk Makadi. A 4 star Makadi Bay hotel around 30 kilometres south of Hurghada international airport in the spectacular country of Egypt. ...
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Holiday Inn Garden Court Hotel, Paris
Holiday Inn Garden Court Hotel is a superior tourist Paris hotel in the heart of an International business park on the outskirts of Paris, France. Also in close proximity from this Paris hotel is the famous Porte de Saint Ouen Flea market. ...
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You are in:  Top  →  Europe  →  GREECE  →  Crete  →  LASITHI  →  Spinalonga

Spinalonga

The small island at the entrance of Elounda bay is best known as Spinalonga although it has been renamed Kalydon by decree.
Spinalonga

View an interactive map of Crete.

The etymology of Spinalonga is interesting. It is Italian and means long thorn (Spina-longa). The reason the Venetians called it so, however, is not because it resembles a long thorn but because they adapted to their own language a Greek composite word "Stinelounda" meaning "to Elounda" (sten-Elounda). Thus, the name of the island is of linguistic interest.

The fortress of Spinalonga is one of the strongest on the whole island of Crete. The Venetians built it while they occupied the island and was considered impregnable.

Throughout the 17th century the fortress remained in Venetian hands and was a refuge for Christians fleeing from the Turks. In 1715, however, a Turkish Pasha managed to conquer the castle; after a long siege the Venetians capitulated and a treaty was signed.

After that, Turkish families who were afraid of the Christians inhabited the castle. After the Turks were driven out of Crete in 1903, the fortress was turned into a leper colony.

Nowadays the island is the main tourist attraction of the area. Several daily boat trips from Agios Nikolaos visit the island.



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