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Gloria Palace Amadores, Puerto Rico
Gloria Palace Amadores Hotel is a 4 star hotel cut into the cliff above Puerto Rico, Gran Canaria, Spain. A 4 star Puerto Rico hotel next to a panoramic lift that brings you directly to the promenade, providing the access to the Puerto Rico beach. ...
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Porto Seguro Praia Hotel
Porto Seguro Praia Hotel in Porto Seguro, Bahia, Brazil is in front of Curuipe beach at the point of Orla Norte. A 3 star Porto Seguro hotel about 2 miles away from the city centre where you can visit the historic district with cathedral, churches and museums. ...
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South American Hotel, Rio De Janeiro
South America Hotel is within easy walking distance from both Copacabana and Ipanema beaches in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A 4 star Rio de Janeiro hotel just 12 km from downtown Rio de Janeiro with its varied street shops and restaurants. ...
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You are in:  Top  →  Europe  →  GREECE  →  Crete  →  LASITHI  →  Spinalonga

Spinalonga

The small island at the entrance of Elounda bay is best known as Spinalonga although it has been renamed Kalydon by decree.
Spinalonga

View an interactive map of Crete.

The etymology of Spinalonga is interesting. It is Italian and means long thorn (Spina-longa). The reason the Venetians called it so, however, is not because it resembles a long thorn but because they adapted to their own language a Greek composite word "Stinelounda" meaning "to Elounda" (sten-Elounda). Thus, the name of the island is of linguistic interest.

The fortress of Spinalonga is one of the strongest on the whole island of Crete. The Venetians built it while they occupied the island and was considered impregnable.

Throughout the 17th century the fortress remained in Venetian hands and was a refuge for Christians fleeing from the Turks. In 1715, however, a Turkish Pasha managed to conquer the castle; after a long siege the Venetians capitulated and a treaty was signed.

After that, Turkish families who were afraid of the Christians inhabited the castle. After the Turks were driven out of Crete in 1903, the fortress was turned into a leper colony.

Nowadays the island is the main tourist attraction of the area. Several daily boat trips from Agios Nikolaos visit the island.



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