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Marriott South Beach Hotel
Marriott South Beach Hotel is a stylish art deco 4 star hotel in trendy South Beach, Miami, Florida, USA. A fabulous 4 star Miami hotel nearby an array of fine restaurants, bars and nightlife of Ocean Drive in the metropolitan paradise of South Beach. ...
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Othon Palace Hotel, Fortaleza
Othon Palace Hotel is in the Volta da Jurema area in Fortaleza, Ceara, Brazil. A lovely modern 5 star Fortaleza hotel only minutes away from Fortaleza downtown with dining, shopping and tourist attractions. ...
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Comfort Inn Maingate Hotel, Orlando
Comfort Inn Maingate Hotel in Orlando, Florida, USA is two miles from the Orange County Convention Centre. A 3 star Orlando hotel 10 miles from Walt Disney World, and less than a mile from Universal Studios and Wet'n Wild. ...
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You are in:  Top  →  Europe  →  GREECE  →  Peloponnese  →  LACONIA  →  Sparta


Sparta is the capital of the prefecture of Lakonia, located 225 km from Athens, built in the heart of a fertile plain near Evrotas river. On the same site as ancient Sparta had stood, the city forms a modern, well designed urban centre.

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Modern Sparta was built originally on the pattern of a blueprint designed by Bavarians in 1834.

The Dorians had created ancient Sparta in 1100 BC as a state with a special regime. It was the terror of Athens, which explains why clashes between them had been permanent, culminating into the Peloponnesian War, out of which it emerged victorious.

Until the time of Alexander the Great, Sparta and Athens were the biggest city - states in ancient Greece.

In 146 BC the Romans conquered the region. Known as Lacedaemon in Byzantine years, Sparta fell to the Franks after the Fall of Constantinople in 1204, becoming the seat of a Catholic bishopric.

In 1266, although the fort of Mystras had already been built and the Franks handed it over to the Byzantines, its inhabitants abandoned it and the city became deserted.

Only a few ruins remain of once mighty and powerful Sparta. Odd remnants of the shrine of Chalkioikou Athinas worshipped up to the 4th century BC, the Wall and the Roman Arcade.

To the west of the temple, excavations led to the discovery of the church of Christ the Saviour with which chaste Nikon had an association (10th century). Only a short distance away lie ruins of what is left of the Leonithaio, (5th c BC) where Leonidas' remains had been carried, to the shrine of Orthias Artemidos (6th c BC) and the Menelaion.

Traces of ruins were discovered at Amykles village, site of the ancient city of the Achaens of Lakonia also called Amykles, while on Vafeios hill, excavations brought to light a dome like tomb dating back to the Mycenean Age. Precious finds discovered in tombs are on display at Athens National Museum.

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