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Sparta MAPS

SPARTA
PELOPONNESOS
GREECE

Sparta, Lakonia, Peloponnesos, Greece
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The capital of the prefecture of Lakonia, located 225 km from Athens, built in the heart of a fertile plain near Evrotas river, on the same site as ancient Sparta had stood, the city forms a modern, well designed urban centre.
It was built originally on the pattern of a blueprint designed by Bavarians in 1834.

Ancient Sparta had been created by the Dorians in 1100 BC as a state with a special regime. It was the terror of Athens, which explains why clashes between them had been permanent, culminating into the Peloponnesian War, out of which it emerged victorious. Until the time of Alexander the Great, Sparta and Athens were the biggest city states in ancient Greece.

In 146 BC the region was conquered by the Romans.
Known as Lacedaemon in Byzantine years, it fell to the Franks after the Fall of Constantinople in 1204, becoming the seat of a Catholic bishopric. In 1266, although the fort of Mystras had already been built and the Franks handed it over to the Byzantines, its inhabitants abandoned it and the city became deserted.

Only a few ruins remain of once mighty and powerful Sparta. Odd remnants of the shrine of Chalkioikou Athinas worshipped up to the 4th century BC, the Wall and the Roman Arcade.

To the west of the temple, excavations led to the discovery of the church of Christ the Saviour with which chaste Nikon had an association (10th century).

Only a short distance away lie ruins of what is left of the Leonithaio, (5th c BC) where Leonidas' remains had been carried, to the shrine of Orthias Artemidos (6th c BC) and the Menelaion.
Traces of ruins were discovered at Amykles village, site of the ancient city of the Achaens of Lakonia also called Amykles, while on Vafeios hill, excavations brought to light a dome like tomb dating back to the Mycenean Age. Precious finds discovered in tombs are on display at Athens National Museum.

Sparta has its own archaeological museum, a neo classical building in the centre of the town, with rich exhibits, belonging mainly to archaic years.
Around Sparta you may visit the picturesque village of Anavryti with the monastery of Faneromeni, Loganikos, Georgitsi and Chrysafa with its Byzantine churches of Chrysafiotisa (1290), Agion Panton (all sants) (1367) and Agios Dimitrios (1641).


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